Terme Housing – The Perpetual Unfold (Behaviour)
University of Westminster
Final 4th Year Project
This project began with lines of research and experimentation into architecture and its components that affect behavioural changes. An initial study involved three found examples of behaviour manipulating components specifically designed for different types of social, personal, or communal behaviour other than that which we would see as common now. Social situations which are not necessarily familiar currently or which we would not now think of as normal.
Chand Baori Stepwell – 800AD
Fig I – Plan
Figs II-V – Sections
a – High Waterline
b – Low Waterline
Improved Automated Fan – 1878AD
Fig I – Stationary (extended leaf springs)
Fig II – Under weight (Fanning)
Fig II – Concluded (Depressed leaf springs)
Roman Hypocaust – 100BC
Fig I – Traditional Centralised Hearth
Fig II – Central Heating System
These three examples of behaviour changing architecture initiated some of the driving principles behind the project that evolved throughout the rest of the year. The stepwell was an interesting example of how a large architectural space became defined by its capacity to collect and fill with water, changing as a social space throughout the seasons spatially whilst remaining unchanged in its capacity as a reservoir. The automated fan chair was an interesting invention where as as users weight is applied the fans begin to cool the occupant. It was an interesting example of an occupancy driven influencer on short cyclical climatic and comfort manipulation. The Roman invention of a uniform, under floor heating as a third study revealed the dramatic influence that such a system had on the existing paradigms. A typical centralised hearth lead to many activities being performed in one room, heating water, cooking and washing, but the invention of the hypocaust changed this behaviour, for the wealthy at first in this instance.
This exercise of drawing a straight line on 100 pieces of paper orientated around composition. Considerations such as line thickness, length, angle, framing on the paper. Paper size, shape, type. The compositional arrangement of the 100 lines once drawn all contributed to the exercise. This composition evolved into an exploration into scale, grain and depth, an became incorporated into the project.
Anisohedral – Tesselation
Octagon – Intersection
Pentagon/Triangle – Expansion
Triangle/Circle/Square – Iteration
Rhombi Hexagon – Rotation
Some complex 2D geometries were developed by combining simple platonic geometries. Each composition was required to exhibit different qualities, potentially suggesting stasis, movement, direction, and feeling.
Skylight / Heater
Skylight / Heater
Window / Screen
Following the previous compositions and exercises, each was developed into a series of components which were then worked in a range of scales and architectural applications.
The 100 Lines were developed into ‘bricks’ experimenting with grain and depth, with the scale predominantly being tested in their application.
The Octagon geometry was developed into a perspectival element due to its two dimensional aesthetic, where the geometry becomes apparent from one point of view. Its conical form was then made from wire which influenced its application as a dramatic skylight or radiator.
Several tests with geometric patterns and folding techniques generated several Kirigami forms. As these patterns were elaborated they were applied again to several potential scales as architectural components.
The Anisohedral geometry was developed into a tiling due to its interesting optical effects when combined together, generating very three dimensional ‘wavy’ perspectives.